The EB-2 and EB-3 Visas are permanent residency visas (green cards) for skilled professionals or academics. They require a PERM Labor Certification, Immigrant Visa Petition and Adjustment of Status or Consular Processing.
Permanent visas can be attained through a variety of processes including, but not limited to, family-based immigration, employment-based immigration, investor visas, or humanitarian status. Temporary visas are available for work and travel. In addition, businesses, employees or prospective employees and others have a range of options for entering the U.S. on a permanent or temporary basis, many of which are highly complex. For an organization without legal experience with immigration matters, navigating the immigration process can be difficult and highly inefficient and it is essential to work with an experienced legal team that can help you through the process and prevents unnecessary complications.
The EB2 Visa, or Employment-Based “Exceptional” Ability or Advanced Degree Permanent Residence/Green Card (Second Preference), is for members of professions holding an advanced degree or equivalent, or “exceptional ability” (expertise significantly above that ordinarily encountered) in sciences, medicine, arts, business, or athletics. The National Interest Waiver (NIW) falls under this category as well but is exempt from the PERM Labor Certification.
The EB3 Visa, or Skilled, Professional, or Other Worker Permanent Residence/Green Card (Third Preference), is an employment-based petition for those seeking positions requiring 2 years training or experience, professionals whose job requires a baccalaureate degree or equivalent, or “other” unskilled workers (defined as jobs requiring less than 2 years to be proficient).
The EB-2 is a desirable permanent/green card visa because approval takes much less time than EB-3. However, it is scrutinized more closely and does have a higher education/experience required to qualify. Green Card Calculator
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